Vice officers enforce laws pertaining to gambling, alcohol, controlled substances and prostitution. While many of these activities and materials are not illegal in many communities, they are very tightly regulated which creates opportunities for abuse and criminal activity. Vice officers must maintain a keen understanding of the legal boundaries for these activities and provide unyielding safeguards to prevent criminal excess.
Vice police jobs are usually held by detectives and experienced investigators who are capable of collecting information about criminals, organizations and operations in a variety of situations. Some vice officers may go undercover to learn about pimps, dealers, or criminal leaders. Others may monitor the activities of known operators like legal bordellos, casinos or pharmaceutical distributors.
Vice Officer Job Description
Vice police jobs will involve demonstrating these competencies:
- Conduct investigations into robberies or homicides related to vice
- Monitor sex workers, gambling facilities, or bars suspected of committing crimes
- Infiltrate criminal organizations orchestrating large narcotics, gambling or sex trade operations
- Collect information from informants
- Arrest perpetrators of criminal activity
- Interrogate consumers an low level actors in order to obtain information about organization leaders
- Use canine units to detect hidden drugs, weapons or individuals
- Monitor the communications of suspected criminals through wiretaps
How to Become a Vice Police Officer
Vice squads are usually reserved for criminal investigators and detectives, so officers must obtain detective status. While some departments utilize a review process to promote officers, most employ a comprehensive exam. These very challenging exams usually evaluate situational knowledge, legal concepts and organizational operations. In order to prepare for these exams, officers should strongly consider taking college courses or enrolling in a preparatory class.
Following promotion, new detectives may request assignment to the vice unit. This may not be available to officers without extensive experience in narcotics or criminal intelligence. Many departments expect their vice officers to have a diverse professional background before obtaining a position in these challenging squads.
Vice Officer Salary
Most vice officers are detectives or criminal investigators. According to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, investigators averaged annual salaries of $77,860 in 2010. In local police departments, detectives averaged $64,610 in annual salary.