One of the most challenging things law enforcement officers are called upon to do is control large crowds of hostile or agitated individuals. Whether these are protestors, picketers, or rowdy sports fans, police often have difficulty effectively managing crowds that far outnumber them. In order to successfully manage these types of situations, law enforcement agencies have developed Riot Police Units that use specialized weapons and equipment to disperse crowds or maintain law and order.
Riot Police Job Description
Riot police jobs involve performing the following duties:
- Disperse riots with tear gas, rubber bullets or water cannons
- Identify instigators of violence and arrest them
- Maintain security around businesses, government facilities or installations
- Control crowds through megaphones and horseback officer instructions
- Investigate crimes, acts of vandalism or unruly behavior
Riot Police Training
Once hired, police recruits are required to complete a rigorous training program at the police academy. A curriculum of classroom instruction and physical training will help prepare officers for the many challenges of law enforcement.
- Grand Canyon University - B.S. in Justice Studies and M.S. in Criminal Justice
- Southern New Hampshire University - A.S. in Criminal Justice, B.S. in Criminal Justice - Criminology, and M.S. in Criminal Justice
- Grantham University - B.A in Criminal Justice - Optional Concentration in Homeland Security or Computer Forensic Investigation
- Rasmussen College - Law Enforcement Associate's Degree and Post-Degree Certificates; Criminal Justice Bachelor's Degrees
- Strayer University - Bachelors of Science Degree in Criminal Justice
- Michigan State University - Online Master of Science in Law Enforcement Intelligence and Analysis
- Saint Joseph's University - Online Master of Science in Criminal Justice
- Utica College - Online Bachelor's of Science in Criminal Justice
New recruits typically serve two to three years as probationary officers before they can request admission to special units like the riot police. While there are some law enforcement organizations in larger cities or at the state and federal level with dedicated officers who serve in crowd control units full-time, the vast majority of riot police only provide these specific policing responsibilities when a riot or other public safety issue arises.
If selected, riot police officers must undergo specialized training. This training introduces officers to the protective gear that is used to manage unruly crowds. This includes helmets, faceguards, body armor, gas masks, and riot shields. Riot police also use specialized offensive weapons designed to subdue or disperse crowds including tear gas, pepper spray, rubber bullets, TASERs, water cannons, and canine units. Riot police also learn the tactics necessary to effectively manage demonstrations or riots like forming a perimeter and lock-step marching.
Riot Police Salary Expectations
Riot police in most metropolitan police organizations are composed of uniformed officers who typically perform crowd control duties when a situation necessitates it. Most riot police officers receive salaries that are equivalent to those of other officers with similar education, experience and geographical location. The U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported the national average for annual salaries of police in 2010 was $56,260.
How To Become a Riot Police Officer
Preparation to learn how to become a riot police officer is similar to that of other law enforcement jobs. Candidates should possess superior physical conditioning in the areas of upper body strength, flexibility, stamina and agility. Although many police departments only require a high school diploma, many candidates benefit from possessing an associate’s, bachelor’s or master’s degree during the hiring process.
Most police departments require the following qualifications to join their organization:
- U.S. citizenship
- 18 years of age or older
- Valid driver’s license
- No felony convictions
Many law enforcement organizations also stipulate a history of zero or limited drug use, pristine driving records, upstanding moral characters, and no incidents of domestic violence. These and other features of candidates’ histories will be investigated through intensive background checks and polygraph examinations during the selection process.