Law Enforcement Careers in New York

The NYPD reported that between June 2021 and June 2022, the number of shootings in NYC declined by 24%. Every borough except Queens reported a decrease in shootings during this time.

This sort of positive change doesn’t happen by chance. According to the NYPD, concerted, longstanding efforts include the pioneering of precision policing, a modern law enforcement concept that involves a new take on the structure and management of the police force to better implement crime-and-disorder enforcement and neighborhood policing.

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Whether it’s with the NYPD or with one of the other law enforcement agencies in this state of more than 19.5 million people, being part of a law enforcement community that implements innovative and effective policing techniques is a truly rewarding experience. A career in law enforcement in New York is exciting, challenging, and reserved for those who value hard work and the personal satisfaction that comes with serving and protecting communities.

State Trooper Jobs with the Highway Patrol in New York

There were 5,711 sworn and non-sworn members of the New York State Police (NYSP) in 2018. In addition to highway patrol duties, state trooper jobs in New York may involve special operations and response, computer crimes, major crimes, violent felonies, and accident reconstruction, as well as inmate detention.

New York state is divided into troop territories, with NYSP officers in each troop responsible for certain New York jurisdictions:

  • Troop A: counties of Wyoming, Orleans, Niagara, Genesee, Erie, Chautauqua, Cattaraugus, Allegany
  • Troop B: counties of St. Lawrence, Hamilton, Franklin, Essex, Clinton
  • Troop C: counties of Tompkins, Tioga, Otsego, Delaware, Cortland, Chenango, Broome
  • Troop D: counties of Oswego, Onondaga, Oneida, Madison, Lewis, Jefferson, Herkimer
  • Troop E: counties of Yates, Wayne, Steuben, Seneca, Schuyler, Ontario, Monroe, Livingston, Chemung, Cayuga
  • Troop F: counties of Ulster, Sullivan, Rockland, Orange, Greene
  • Troop G: counties of Washington, Warren, Schoharie, Schenectady, Saratoga, Rensselaer, Montgomery, Hamilton, Fulton, Albany
  • Troop K: counties of Westchester, Putnam, Dutchess, Columbia
  • Troop L: counties of Suffolk and Nassau
  • Troop NYC: New York City
  • Troop T: New York State Thruway

Qualifications for Becoming a State Trooper in New York

New York State Trooper candidates must:

  • Be between the ages of 21 and 36
  • Be New York State residents
  • Have a high school diploma/equivalent and at least 60 college credits toward a bachelor’s degree
  • Pass a Physical Ability Test
  • Have vision no worse than 20/100 in each eye, uncorrected
  • Not have any body piercings, tattoos, or body art that would be visible when wearing a police uniform (short-sleeve, open neck shirt)
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State trooper candidates must first pass an entrance exam. This exam is only offered when the state is in need of troopers. After passing the entrance exam, a physical ability test, performance test, performance evaluation, psychological evaluation, background check, medical evaluation and lie detector test must be passed. Passing these tests places applicants on an eligibility lst for future state trooper positions.

Police Officer Jobs in New York

New York has 98 municipal civil service agencies throughout the state, each with its own police department. Some of the state’s largest municipal police departments include:

  • Buffalo Police Department
  • City of Rochester Police Department
  • East Rochester Police Department
  • Syracuse Police Department
  • Precincts of the New York Police Department, located within:
    • Manhattan
    • Bronx
    • Brooklyn
    • Queens
    • Staten Island
    • Transit Bureau
    • Housing Bureau

Job titles in New York’s municipalities may include:

  • City police officer
  • Housing police officer
  • Transit police officer

New York City employs the most law enforcement professionals of any municipality in the state, and indeed, the country, with more than 36,000 sworn officers on the payroll.

Deputy Sheriff Jobs in New York

Sheriff’s departments operate out of each county in New York, providing back-up to municipal law enforcement agencies and state police as needed.

The Erie County Sheriff’s office is the largest sheriff’s department in New York State, and the 14th largest in the United States.

New York’s other major sheriff’s departments include:

  • New York County Sheriff’s Office
  • Kings County Sheriff’s Office
  • Richmond County Sheriff’s Office
  • Monroe County Sheriff’s Office
  • Onondaga County Sheriff’s Office

Job titles with sheriff’s departments in New York counties may include:

  • Undersheriff
  • Deputy sheriff
  • Sheriff
  • Civil supervisor
  • Jail administrator
  • Civil deputy sheriff
  • Corrections officer

Qualifications for Becoming a Police Officer or Deputy Sheriff in New York

Individual municipalities and counties offer examinations for those interested in becoming entry-level police officers or sheriff’s deputies. In order to sit for the exam, applicants must:

  • Be at least 20 but no older than 35
  • Have at least a high school diploma
  • Meet other requirements which may vary from one municipality to the next

New York Law Enforcement Salaries

According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), the average salary for law enforcement officers in New York was $80,590 as of May 2021.

But that’s just an overall state average, which does little to shed light on the differences in pay and rank structure for different agencies in different parts of the state.

Individual agencies can offer salaries that range widely between those numbers, or even exceed them in many cases. Below, we provide a snapshot of the most current available published salary data at entry, mid, and senior levels of pay. Mid-level and senior grades may reflect sergeant or higher supervisory roles, depending on department pay and promotion structure. Entry level salaries are provided for patrol officers who cleared training and probationary employment status.

The following police/sheriff’s department salary data was sourced from May 2021 BLS stats (early career = 25th percentile, senior/late career = 90th percentile).

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Police Officer Salaries

With some of the oldest police departments in the nation scattered through New York, there is a lot of tradition and bureaucratic jockeying built up around salary scales. Out of the lengthy negotiations and labor board dispute filings come salaries that can be very generous, particularly at the top-end of the spectrum.

Buffalo Police Department

  • Mid-level – $77,350 – $100,270

New York City Police Department

  • Entry – $61,870
  • Mid-level – $79,800
  • Senior – $129,420

Rochester Police Department

  • Entry – $64,510

Syracuse Police Department

  • Entry – $59,380
  • Senior – $95,790

Utica Police Department

  • Entry – $51,770
  • Mid-level – $62,270
  • Senior – $100,270

Sheriff’s Deputy Salaries

Sheriff’s departments in New York can carry an enormous array of roles in a state that has significant urban areas and the attendant population-centric crime rates, and also large tracts of wilderness, which take not only a different type of law enforcement, but also ancillary responsibilities such as search and rescue. Deputies are often highly compensated, particularly in Long Island jurisdictions such as Nassau County.

Albany County Sheriff

  • Entry – $60,670
  • Mid-level – $66,020
  • Senior – $100,270

Erie County Sheriff

  • Entry – $61,110
  • Mid-level – $77,350
  • Senior – $100,270

Monroe County Sheriff

  • Entry – $64,510
  • Senior – $100,270

Suffolk County Sheriff

  • Entry – $61,870
  • Mid-level – $79,800
  • Senior – $129,420

State Trooper and State Police Salaries

New York state troopers are some of the best paid in the United States. They also have a segmented pay structure, where compensation can vary not only according to rank and grade, but also based on where the trooper is posted in the state.

New York State Police

  • Entry – $61,190
  • Senior – $125,310

2021 US Bureau of Labor Statistics salary figures for police and sheriff’s patrol officers. Job growth projections from the US Department of Labor-sponsored resource, Projections Central. Figures are based on state data, not school-specific information. Conditions in your area may vary. Data accessed August 2022.