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Law Enforcement Careers in Maryland

In Maryland, police training is provided in a variety of academies across the state. Police jobs in Maryland are available on three levels: state, county. Law enforcement jobs in Maryland require officers and deputies to have a general level of education as well as a strong moral code as demonstrated in traffic, criminal, and financial records.

Jobs and Training Requirements for the Maryland State Police

Since its inception in 1921 the Maryland State Police have been serving citizens of their state, while working in cooperation with local law enforcement officials. Most of the first state police officers were World War One veterans who were recruited to fight a crime wave that swept the state shortly after the conflict.

Requirements for the position of state trooper necessitate the candidate to have a high school diploma or GED and be truthful in every stage throughout the application process.

Jobs and Training with Sheriff’s Departments in Maryland Counties

All sheriff’s departments require their entry-level deputies to possess at least a high school diploma or GED equivalency education.

Howard County: Since 1851 the Howard County Sheriff’s Department has served local residents, including those in Ellicott City and Columbia. It handles judicial services, domestic incidents, and landlord-tenant issues. New recruits are required to complete a course at the Maryland Police Training Commission Certified Training Academy.

Montgomery County: The Montgomery County Sheriff’s Department is the oldest law enforcement department in the county, and one of the oldest in the country, with a founding date in 1777. Until the founding of the Maryland State Police, the sheriff’s department was the sole provider of law enforcement in the region, which includes Silver Spring. Requirements for employment include completion of the Montgomery County Public Safety Training Academy and Field Training Program.

Charles County: The Charles County Sheriff’s Department is the principal law enforcement agency in the area, providing police services in addition to fulfilling its role to the judiciary branch of government, which includes operating a detention center. The office of sheriff in Maryland is a 350-year-old concept, and candidates for the sheriff’s deputy position must attend training at the Southern Maryland Criminal Justice Academy. The city of Waldorf is served by this sheriff’s department.

Jobs and Training with Municipal Police Departments in Maryland

Law enforcement careers in Maryland’s cities are available to officers with a general high school diploma or GED who are reliable and responsible.


Baltimore PD: The Baltimore Police Department values its relationship with the citizens of Baltimore, and has therefore recently announced the creation of a new Professional Standards Bureau that will ensure the best practices are followed in the field with integrity and ethics. The Baltimore PD is the eighth largest police force in the United States, and employs nearly 4,000 personnel. Police officer trainees complete an academic course, which lasts 25 weeks followed by 10 weeks of field training.

Baltimore City Sheriff’s Office: This sheriff’s office provides the same areas of service usually found in a county sheriff’s office, but is a city department because of a technicality. The BCSO provides support to the judiciary branch of government, serving summons and subpoenas, transporting prisoners, and providing support to other law enforcement agencies.

Frederick PD: The Frederick Police Department believes that support they provide to residents ought to be the epitome of public service. In 2012 there was a total of one murder, 105 robberies, and 1,527 cases of reported theft. Prospective officers must pass a written test, and bilingual college graduates are ideal.

Rockville PD: This police department is responsible for the nearly 62,000 residents in the town of Rockville. It is divided into several departments including field and special operations, and works in a number of cooperative associations with local residents. Job candidates must be in excellent physical health and should not apply if personal marijuana use has exceeded 20 times.

Gaithersburg PD: Last year the Gaithersburg Police Department had an operating budget of over $7 million to handle the nearly 33,000 calls it received. In 2011 officers made a total of 428 adult arrests and in 2012 that number jumped to 711 because of an increased emphasis on proactive policing. Candidates for police officers must have either 30 college credits or a life-experience equivalency as determined by the police chief.

Bowie PD: In the first month of 2013 officers arrested 20 adults, 11 juveniles, and served 11 warrants. They investigated 53 cases of theft and six assaults. To become a police officer in Bowie requires the applicant to be of good moral standing with no alcohol or drug addictions.

Maryland Law Enforcement Salaries

According to the U.S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics, as reported in its Occupational Outlook Handbook, 2012-2013 Edition, the following were the median Maryland law enforcement salaries during 2010:

  • Detectives and Criminal Investigators: $89,850
  • Police and Sheriff’s Patrol Officers: $54,480
  • Supervisors of Police and Detectives: $85,890

Salaries among Detectives and Criminal Investigators throughout Maryland

Area name
Annual mean wage
Baltimore-Towson MD
Bethesda-Rockville-Frederick MD Metropolitan Division
Washington-Arlington-Alexandria DC-VA-MD-WV Metropolitan Division
Upper Eastern Shore nonmetropolitan area

Police Officer and Sheriff Salary in Maryland

The Baltimore Police Department carries the responsibility of having jurisdiction over the largest city in Maryland. The Department has more than 4,000 personnel, both civilian and sworn. The starting salary for police officer recruits of the Baltimore Police Department is $43,136. However, this increases after completing training at the academy and also with continued years of service to the force.

The Annapolis Police Department offers a salary range between $43,860 and $70,176 for lateral police officers, which are those with previous law enforcement experience and who are MPTC certified.

Likewise, the Salisbury Police Department offers the following salary schedule to its police officers:

  • Police Officer (trainee/academy): $36,473
  • Police Officer Maryland Certified: $42,808
  • Police Officer (Post academy): $42,808

Salaries among Police and Sheriff’s Patrol Officers throughout Maryland

Area name
Annual mean wage
Baltimore-Towson MD
Estimate Not Released
Bethesda-Rockville-Frederick MD Metropolitan Division
Estimate Not Released
Cumberland MD-WV
Washington-Arlington-Alexandria DC-VA-MD-WV Metropolitan Division
Wilmington DE-MD-NJ Metropolitan Division
Upper Eastern Shore nonmetropolitan area

State Trooper Salary in Maryland

According to the Department of Maryland State Police, the state trooper salary in Maryland starts out at $40,000. However, after successfully completing academy training, the salary increases to $42,497.

Salaries among Police Supervisors and Detectives throughout Maryland

Area name
Annual mean wage
Baltimore-Towson MD
Bethesda-Rockville-Frederick MD Metropolitan Division
Washington-Arlington-Alexandria DC-VA-MD-WV Metropolitan Division
Wilmington DE-MD-NJ Metropolitan Division
Upper Eastern Shore nonmetropolitan area

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