Law Enforcement Careers in Virginia

Police training for law enforcement jobs in Virginia varies according to the agency. Police officer and deputy sheriff jobs in Virginia’s municipalities and counties may require shorter periods of training at local police academies, while State Trooper jobs in Virginia require longer training periods at the Virginia State Police Academy in Richmond.

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Police Officer Jobs in Virginia

Police officer jobs in Virginia are found in the Commonwealth’s towns and cities. The largest municipal police departments in Virginia include:

  • Alexandria Police Department
  • Arlington County Police Department
  • Norfolk Police Department
  • Hampton Police Division
  • Portsmouth Police Department

Police officer jobs in Virginia may include:

  • Police officer
  • Chief of Police

Deputy Sheriff Jobs in Virginia

The first sheriff in the United States was in Virginia in 1634, according to Virginia Sheriff. Sheriffs and deputy sheriffs work in Virginia’s counties and cities, enforcing and upholding laws. The largest sheriff departments in Virginia include:

  • Arlington County Sheriff’s Office
  • Chesapeake Sheriff’s Office
  • Alexandria City Sheriff’s Office
  • City of Hampton Sheriff’s Office
  • Norfolk Sheriff’s Office
  • Portsmouth Sheriff’s Office
  • Richmond County Sheriff’s Office

Deputy Sheriff jobs in Virginia counties may include:

  • Deputy sheriff
  • Sheriff

Qualifications for Becoming a Police Officer or Deputy Sheriff in Virginia

While each city/county that employs deputy sheriffs and/or police officers has its own qualifications for employment, generally the following rules apply to all applicants:

  • U.S. citizens only need apply
  • Must be at least 21 years of age
  • Must have a valid driver’s license
  • Must pass extensive background investigation
  • Must pass physical and medical examinations
  • Must pass polygraph examination
  • Must pass psychological examination

State Trooper Jobs With the Highway Patrol in Virginia

State trooper jobs in Virginia come with many responsibilities. Duties of state troopers in Virginia include, but are not limited to, enforcing Commonwealth laws, investigating traffic and criminal offenses, interviewing, performing lifesaving operations, searching, communicating in writing and orally, and reading and comprehending legal documents.  State trooper jobs in Virginia may be found in:

  • Administrative headquarters: Richmond
  • Division 1 HQ: Henrico; offices:
    • Area 1: Ashland
    • Area2: Warsaw
    • Area 3: West Point
    • Area 4: Mineral
    • Area 6: Powhatan
    • Area 7: Petersburg
    • Area 8: Richmond
    • Area 44: Bowling Green
  • Division 2 HQ: Culpeper; offices:
    • Area 5: Fredericksburg
    • Area 12: Warrenton
    • Area 13: Winchester
    • Area 14: Luray
    • Area 15: Culpeper
    • Area 16: Harrisonburg
  • Division 3 HQ: Appomattox; offices:
    • Area 17: Staunton
    • Area 18: Charlottesville
    • Area 19: Buckingham
    • Area 20: Amherst
    • Area 21: Appomattox
    • Area 22: South Hill
    • Area 23: South Boston
  • Division 4 HQ: Wythe; offices:
    • Area 24: Dublin
    • Area 25: Galax
    • Area 26: Wythe
    • Area 27: Bristol
    • Area 28: Claypool Hill
    • Area 29: Vansant
    • Area 30: Wise
  • Division 5 HQ: Chesapeake; offices:
    • Area 31: Melfa
    • Area 32: Norfolk
    • Area 33: Gloucester
    • Area 34: Franklin
    • Area 35: Emporia
    • Area 36: Waverly
    • Area 37: Williamsburg
    • Area 46: Hampton
    • Area 47: Chesapeake
  • Division 6 HQ: Salem; offices:
    • Area 38: Clifton Forge
    • Area 39: Lexington
    • Area 40: Salem
    • Area 41: Bedford
    • Area 42: Martinsville:
    • Area 43: Chatham
  • Division 7 HQ: Fairfax; offices:
    • Area 9: Fairfax
    • Area 10: Leesburg
    • Area 11: Independent Hill/Manassas
    • Area 45: Arlington
    • Area 48: Alexandria

State trooper jobs with the highway patrol in Virginia may include:

  • State police trooper
  • State police communications technician

Qualifications for Becoming a State Trooper in Virginia

  • 21 years old
  • High school graduate/GED (college experience preferred)
  • U.S. citizen
  • Pass a background investigation including a polygraph test
  • Driver’s license/good driving record
  • Willing to relocate to anywhere in Virginia
  • Willing to work rotating shifts/weekends
  • Must live in a state east of the Mississippi River
  • Must pass pre-employment drug testing and random screening thereafter
  • Must pass physical exam
  • Must pass psychological exam

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