Law Enforcement Careers in New York

Those interested in police training for law enforcement careers in New York must first decide where they wish to work. Law enforcement personnel are employed at the Municipal, County and State levels. Available jobs are posted at the New York State Department of Civil Service, StateJobsNY, and at the physical locations of local and municipal law enforcement agencies.

Police Officer Jobs in New York – NY

New York has 96 municipal civil service agencies throughout the state, each with its own police department. Some of the state’s largest municipal police departments that may offer police officer jobs in New York are:

  • Buffalo Police Department
  • City of Rochester Police Department
  • East Rochester Police Department
  • Syracuse Police Department
  • Precincts of the New York Police Department, located within:
    • Manhattan
    • Bronx
    • Brooklyn
    • Queens
    • Staten Island
    • Transit Bureau
    • Housing Bureau

Police officer jobs in New York’s municipalities may include:

  • City police officer
  • Housing police officer
  • Transit police officer

The New York Division of Criminal Justice Services (DJCS) states that in 2011, New York City employed the most law enforcement professionals of any municipality in the state, at 52,074 (includes sworn and civilian employees).

Deputy Sheriff Jobs in New York

Sheriffs operate out of each county in New York, assisting municipal law enforcement agencies and state police in matters as necessary. New York’s largest counties that may offer deputy sheriff jobs include:

  • New York County
  • Kings County
  • Bronx County
  • Richmond County
  • Queens County
  • Erie County
  • Monroe County
  • Onondaga County
 

Deputy Sheriff jobs in New York counties may include:

  • Undersheriff
  • Deputy sheriff
  • Sheriff
  • Civil supervisor
  • Jail administrator
  • Civil deputy sheriff
  • Corrections officer

According to the New York Division of Criminal Justice Services, in 2011 the county employing the most law enforcement professionals in the state (not including New York City, which spans multiple counties) was Suffolk County, employing 4989 individuals.

Qualifications for Becoming a Police Officer or Deputy Sheriff in New York                 

In November, municipalities and counties offer examinations for those wishing to become an Entry-Level Police Officer/Deputy Sheriff.  In order to sit for the exam, one must:

  • Be at least 20 but no older than 35
  • Have at least a high school diploma
  • Meet other requirements which may  vary from one municipality to the next

State Trooper Jobs With the Highway Patrol in New York

There are more than 4500 sworn members of the New York State Police (NYSP), and 900 non-sworn employees. In addition to highway patrol, state trooper jobs in New York may involve special operations and response, computer crimes, major crimes, violent felonies, and accident reconstruction.  New York is divided into troops, with NYSP officers in each troop responsible for certain New York jurisdictions. They are:

  • Troop A: counties of Wyoming, Orleans, Niagara, Genesee, Erie, Chautauqua, Cattaraugus, Allegany
  • Troop B: counties of St. Lawrence, Hamilton, Franklin, Essex, Clinton
  • Troop C: counties of Tompkins, Tioga, Otsego, Delaware, Cortland, Chenango, Broome
  • Troop D: counties of Oswego, Onondaga, Oneida, Madison, Lewis, Jefferson, Herkimer
  • Troop E: counties of Yates, Wayne, Steuben, Seneca, Schuyler, Ontario, Monroe, Livingston, Chemung, Cayuga
  • Troop F: counties of Ulster, Sullivan, Rockland, Orange, Greene
  • Troop G: counties of Washington, Warren, Schoharie, Schenectady, Saratoga, Rensselaer, Montgomery, Hamilton, Fulton, Albany
  • Troop K: counties of Westchester, Putnam, Dutchess, Columbia
  • Troop L: counties of Suffolk and Nassau
  • Troop NYC: New York City
  • Troop T: New York State Thruway

State trooper jobs with the highway patrol in New York may include:

  • State police trooper
  • State corrections officer

Qualifications for Becoming a State Trooper in New York

New York State Trooper candidates must:

  • Be between the ages of 21 and 36
  • Be New York State residents
  • Have a high school diploma/equivalent and at least 60 college credits toward a bachelor’s degree
  • Pass a Physical Ability Test
  • Have vision no worse than 20/100 in each eye, uncorrected
  • Not have any body piercings, tattoos, or body art that would be visible when wearing a police uniform (short-sleeve, open neck shirt)

Those who meet the basic qualifications may take the Civil Service Examination to become a state trooper in New York.

General Hiring Practices for Law Enforcement Jobs in New York

State trooper candidates must first pass an entrance exam. This exam is only offered when the state is in need of troopers.  After passing the entrance exam, a Physical Ability Test, performance test, performance evaluation, psychological evaluation, background check, medical evaluation and lie detector tests must be passed. Passing these tests will place one on an Eligibility List for New York State Trooper jobs.

New York Law Enforcement Salaries

The U.S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics, reported in its Occupational Outlook Handbook, 2012-2013 Edition, that as of 2010, the median New York law enforcement salaries were:

  • Detectives and Criminal Investigators: $79,520
  • Supervisors of Police and Detectives: $90,400
  • Police and Sheriff’s Patrol Officers: $64,020

Salaries for Detectives and Criminal Investigators in New York

Area name
Employment
Annual mean wage
Albany-Schenectady-Troy NY
1010
88210
Buffalo-Niagara Falls NY
700
77450
New York-Northern New Jersey-Long Island NY-NJ-PA
8050
83920
Poughkeepsie-Newburgh-Middletown NY
280
88300
Rochester NY
230
76570
Syracuse NY
Estimate Not Released
82980
Capital/Northern New York nonmetropolitan area
350
81180
Central New York nonmetropolitan area
70
75250
Southwest New York nonmetropolitan area
170
77720

Police Officer and Sheriff Salary in New York

The New York police officer salary at the New York City Police Department begins at $44,744. This is paid during training at the academy. After completing training, police officers are paid as follows:

  • After 6 months: $46,288
  • After 1-1/2 years: $48,173
  • After 2-1/2 years: $53,819
  • After 3-1/2 years: $58,786
  • After 4-1/2 years: $62,455
  • After 5 years: $69,005
  • After 5-1/2 years: $90,829

This salary pretty much includes all things like holiday pay, uniform allowance, shift differential, and longevity pay.  However, it does not include overtime pay.

At the Ithaca Police Department, the salary range for police officers is between $44,891 and $70,222.  The Rochester Police Department offers a minimum salary of $38,799 and a maximum salary of $67,752.

Salaries for Police and Sheriff’s Patrol Officers in New York

Area name
Employment
Annual mean wage
Albany-Schenectady-Troy NY
2840
67340
Binghamton NY
330
55870
Buffalo-Niagara Falls NY
2530
58440
Glens Falls NY
160
45580
Ithaca NY
270
48880
Kingston NY
Estimate Not Released
45290
Nassau-Suffolk NY Metropolitan Division
5340
85710
New York-Northern New Jersey-Long Island NY-NJ-PA
Estimate Not Released
70830
Poughkeepsie-Newburgh-Middletown NY
1490
62810
Rochester NY
1710
57540
Syracuse NY
1150
53230
Utica-Rome NY
Estimate Not Released
44530
Capital/Northern New York nonmetropolitan area
770
51010
East Central New York nonmetropolitan area
290
47410
Central New York nonmetropolitan area
640
55680
Southwest New York nonmetropolitan area
950
48360

State Trooper Salary in New York

The New York State Police Recruitment Center laid out these salary figures for state troopers in New York, effective April 1, 2010:

  • Starting salary (during Academy training): $50,374
  • After graduating from the Academy: $66,905
  • After 1 year of service: $71,261
  • After 5 years of service: $84,739

Salaries for Police Supervisors and Detectives in New York

Area name
Employment
Annual mean wage
Albany-Schenectady-Troy NY
770
95560
Binghamton NY
80
75120
Buffalo-Niagara Falls NY
550
77780
Glens Falls NY
40
66000
Ithaca NY
40
85800
Kingston NY
Estimate Not Released
74310
Nassau-Suffolk NY Metropolitan Division
1260
124120
New York-Northern New Jersey-Long Island NY-NJ-PA
Estimate Not Released
102850
Poughkeepsie-Newburgh-Middletown NY
310
91990
Rochester NY
410
75340
Syracuse NY
260
69890
Utica-Rome NY
Estimate Not Released
65650
Capital/Northern New York nonmetropolitan area
220
74660
East Central New York nonmetropolitan area
40
84720
Central New York nonmetropolitan area
140
78660
Southwest New York nonmetropolitan area
240
72860

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