Law Enforcement Careers in New York

Those interested in police training for law enforcement careers in New York must first decide where they wish to work. Law enforcement personnel are employed at the Municipal, County and State levels. Available jobs are posted at the New York State Department of Civil Service, StateJobsNY, and at the physical locations of local and municipal law enforcement agencies.

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Police Officer Jobs in New York – NY

New York has 96 municipal civil service agencies throughout the state, each with its own police department. Some of the state’s largest municipal police departments that may offer police officer jobs in New York are:

  • Buffalo Police Department
  • City of Rochester Police Department
  • East Rochester Police Department
  • Syracuse Police Department
  • Precincts of the New York Police Department, located within:
    • Manhattan
    • Bronx
    • Brooklyn
    • Queens
    • Staten Island
    • Transit Bureau
    • Housing Bureau

Police officer jobs in New York’s municipalities may include:

  • City police officer
  • Housing police officer
  • Transit police officer

The New York Division of Criminal Justice Services (DJCS) states that in 2011, New York City employed the most law enforcement professionals of any municipality in the state, at 52,074 (includes sworn and civilian employees).

Deputy Sheriff Jobs in New York

Sheriffs operate out of each county in New York, assisting municipal law enforcement agencies and state police in matters as necessary. New York’s largest counties that may offer deputy sheriff jobs include:

  • New York County
  • Kings County
  • Bronx County
  • Richmond County
  • Queens County
  • Erie County
  • Monroe County
  • Onondaga County

Deputy Sheriff jobs in New York counties may include:

  • Undersheriff
  • Deputy sheriff
  • Sheriff
  • Civil supervisor
  • Jail administrator
  • Civil deputy sheriff
  • Corrections officer

According to the New York Division of Criminal Justice Services, in 2011 the county employing the most law enforcement professionals in the state (not including New York City, which spans multiple counties) was Suffolk County, employing 4989 individuals.

Qualifications for Becoming a Police Officer or Deputy Sheriff in New York                 

In November, municipalities and counties offer examinations for those wishing to become an Entry-Level Police Officer/Deputy Sheriff.  In order to sit for the exam, one must:

  • Be at least 20 but no older than 35
  • Have at least a high school diploma
  • Meet other requirements which may  vary from one municipality to the next

State Trooper Jobs With the Highway Patrol in New York

There are more than 4500 sworn members of the New York State Police (NYSP), and 900 non-sworn employees. In addition to highway patrol, state trooper jobs in New York may involve special operations and response, computer crimes, major crimes, violent felonies, and accident reconstruction.  New York is divided into troops, with NYSP officers in each troop responsible for certain New York jurisdictions. They are:

  • Troop A: counties of Wyoming, Orleans, Niagara, Genesee, Erie, Chautauqua, Cattaraugus, Allegany
  • Troop B: counties of St. Lawrence, Hamilton, Franklin, Essex, Clinton
  • Troop C: counties of Tompkins, Tioga, Otsego, Delaware, Cortland, Chenango, Broome
  • Troop D: counties of Oswego, Onondaga, Oneida, Madison, Lewis, Jefferson, Herkimer
  • Troop E: counties of Yates, Wayne, Steuben, Seneca, Schuyler, Ontario, Monroe, Livingston, Chemung, Cayuga
  • Troop F: counties of Ulster, Sullivan, Rockland, Orange, Greene
  • Troop G: counties of Washington, Warren, Schoharie, Schenectady, Saratoga, Rensselaer, Montgomery, Hamilton, Fulton, Albany
  • Troop K: counties of Westchester, Putnam, Dutchess, Columbia
  • Troop L: counties of Suffolk and Nassau
  • Troop NYC: New York City
  • Troop T: New York State Thruway

State trooper jobs with the highway patrol in New York may include:

  • State police trooper
  • State corrections officer

Qualifications for Becoming a State Trooper in New York

New York State Trooper candidates must:

  • Be between the ages of 21 and 36
  • Be New York State residents
  • Have a high school diploma/equivalent and at least 60 college credits toward a bachelor’s degree
  • Pass a Physical Ability Test
  • Have vision no worse than 20/100 in each eye, uncorrected
  • Not have any body piercings, tattoos, or body art that would be visible when wearing a police uniform (short-sleeve, open neck shirt)

Those who meet the basic qualifications may take the Civil Service Examination to become a state trooper in New York.

General Hiring Practices for Law Enforcement Jobs in New York

State trooper candidates must first pass an entrance exam. This exam is only offered when the state is in need of troopers.  After passing the entrance exam, a Physical Ability Test, performance test, performance evaluation, psychological evaluation, background check, medical evaluation and lie detector tests must be passed. Passing these tests will place one on an Eligibility List for New York State Trooper jobs.

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